A new study shows that black babies are much more likely to be adopted out of foster care than white babies, even though black parents are more likely than white parents to report that their child has a behavioral problem.
The study, published online in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, found that black children were twice as likely to end up in foster care as white children, even after controlling for factors such as race, age, and the severity of the child’s behavioral problems.
Black babies are also much more than twice as frequent at home as white babies in the first two years of life, according to the study.
Researchers from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga looked at more than 16,000 adoptions for black and white children in the United States from 2007 to 2015.
They found that in nearly every case, black infants were adopted out to adoptive families with more children than the number of available homes for them, with the exception of a study conducted in the mid-1990s by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Agriculture.
That study showed that black families were more likely for black children to end their pregnancies than white families, which led to black infants having higher rates of birth defects than white infants.
The new study looked at adoptions from the beginning of 2014 to March of this year.
In the study, researchers looked at data from more than 5,000 adopted black and black-white children.
They compared adoptions made between July and November of this past year with adoptions done between July of the previous year and June of the following year.
They looked at adoption statistics by race, the age of the children at the time of the adoption, the number and severity of behavioral problems the children had at the beginning and end of the study period, and whether the adoption was done by an accredited agency or private nonprofit.
In addition, they looked at whether the children were placed with homes or other groups that provided more social interaction and opportunities for foster care placements, as well as the amount of time the children spent with their families.
Researchers found that the children who were adopted by foster parents with higher rates at the start of the year had a higher rate of behavioral issues.
Black infants, by contrast, had lower rates of behavioral and emotional problems at the end of a four-year period.
Researchers believe that the lack of socialization by the parents can make the children more likely, in part, to become adopted, the researchers said.
“In some cases, it is the socialization of the parents that leads to increased risk of adopting and to the subsequent increase in the odds of adoption,” they wrote.
“We speculate that the socializing of the families may increase the risk of adoption.
In particular, if the adoptive family is located within a racially diverse environment, this could be particularly salient in terms of the risk for adoption.”
The study did find that the black families who adopted their children had more children.
About two-thirds of the adopted children were black, and about one-third were white.
Researchers noted that these results could be due to differences in the kinds of foster homes and foster families that were available to the adoptive families.
They noted that the data may also reflect a more limited pool of homes available for black babies compared to white babies.
The researchers also noted that there may be racial differences in how the children are placed with their foster families.
For example, black children had significantly more foster placements at the first day of their adoption than white children at their first day.
Researchers also noted a correlation between the severity and frequency of the behavioral problems of the kids and the amount and type of social interaction with their parents.
Black children were more than two-and-a-half times as likely as white kids to report the need for intervention in their child’s behavior, including aggression, and to report a need for supervision, even if they did not have a behavioral issue.
The authors also noted an overall higher rate in the adoption process for black kids than for white kids.
In one case, a black foster parent placed a white baby in a foster home with black foster parents.
The black foster mom was reported to have said that the baby was a bad baby because he didn’t have enough food and was not eating properly.
The baby had severe behavioral problems, including biting at his mom and crying, but was never physically harmed.
The adoptive parents also reported that the white foster mom had called the police, but it was not a formal complaint.
Black foster parents also were more inclined to give the black babies food and clothing than white foster parents, the authors said.
Researchers said the study provides a unique look at how foster care adoption decisions can affect the adoption outcomes of black and brown children.
The research was conducted with a sample of nearly 2,400 children adopted from 2007 through 2015 by two agencies, the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation and the Tennessee Department of Health and Human Services.